Lauren Brande has dedicated her life to psychological research. She started off her career with a scholarship from the Western Psychological Association for her undergraduate work in perceptual processing. In 2014, she achieved her master of arts in psychology from Boston University, harnessing a particular interest in the effects that drugs and trauma have on the functioning brain.
She believes that all research should be accessible and digestible, and her passion fuels her desire to share important scientific findings to improve rehabilitation.
Recent contributions of Lauren Brande
Diazepam, or Valium, is a benzodiazepine medication that can be prescribed for its anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, sedative, and muscle-relaxing effects.1 Diazepam has significant abuse potential, and users may develop a dependence on the drug, meaning they need to take it to avoid withdrawal symptoms. Additionally, detoxing from diazepam cold turkey has several risks. Inpatient and outpatient withdrawal treatment programs can help minimize the risks and discomfort through carefully dosed tapering schedules. Withdrawal from Diazepam & Other Benzodiazepines Some benzodiazepine withdrawal symptoms can be serious and even life-threatening. There are no medications approved specifically for treating diazepam withdrawal or dependence. Programs may use anticonvulsants and sedating antidepressants such as trazodone to help control seizures and anxiety. Diazepam is no different. [self-assessment] Treatment Options for Diazepam Withdrawal Diazepam withdrawal help can provide much-needed support during the difficult detox process. Professional programs know what to expect during diazepam withdrawal and how to treat any issues that may come up. Help for diazepam withdrawal can include: Detox centers, which are facilities dedicated specifically to detoxing from substances. They have medical professionals on staff that can prescribe medications and treat symptoms, and they can make referrals to recovery programs that offer addiction treatment. Inpatient programs, where the recovering individual stays at a treatment facility for the duration of detox. These programs provide around-the-clock medical and psychological care and can make the transition into a substance abuse treatment program smoother. In addition to detox, they offer different services to help people recover from drug abuse and stay sober. Intensive outpatient with detox, which is when the detoxing person lives at home throughout the process, but checks in regularly with the rehab program for monitoring. These programs also include several hours of group or individual therapy per day for at least 2 days per week. Partial hospitalization, a more involved outpatient program in which the person engages in detox treatment and therapy at a facility throughout the day, but sleeps at home. Does your insurance cover Diazepam treatment? We can help - check your coverage instantly or text us your questions to find out more. [vob-aktify-cta] Tapering Off Diazepam Diazepam withdrawal treatment usually includes a gradual tapering of doses to lower the risk of withdrawal symptoms such as seizures and psychotic reactions.2 The dose is reduced over a period of time, which can also help prevent relapse. The amount of time and the doses administered during a diazepam taper will vary by: Individual needs. The severity of physical dependence. The average dose of diazepam being abused prior to entering detox. In high-dose cases, the person may start detox at 40% of their abuse level dose, followed by 10% reductions every day following.3 Experienced professionals can determine an appropriate taper and treat withdrawal symptoms. Tapering without medical assistance can increase the possibility of unpleasant symptoms and other potentially severe effects of withdrawal. Detoxing Cold Turkey at Home Detoxing cold turkey, meaning to abruptly stop using diazepam, can be very dangerous or even lethal for a person trying to stop use at home. Withdrawal symptoms can include seizures, panic attacks, and insomnia, and going through detox alone can result in harm to oneself or others.2 There is also a significant risk of relapse throughout detox because the symptoms of withdrawal can become very uncomfortable and taking the medication again can relieve them. Working through detox in a formal program is the safest option for someone looking to escape the diazepam abuse cycle. These programs have trained staff on hand to treat any medical emergencies or mental health issues that may come up. [accordion title="Rehab at American Addiction Centers"] Laguna Treatment Hospital Adcare - Boston Sunrise House Desert Hope Greenhouse Oxford Treatment Center Recovery First River Oaks [/accordion][accordion title="Rehab insurance coverage"] Ambetter American Family Beacon BHO Blue Cross Blue Shield Cigna Connecticare Geisinger HCSC Harvard Pilgrim Highmark Kaiser Permanente Magellan Magnacare Meritain Health Medicare and Medicaid Optum Oxford Health Providence Qualcare Sierra Health Tricare Triwest Tufts United Healthcare UPMC Zelis [/accordion][accordion title="Rehab near me"] Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming [/accordion][accordion title="Rehab"] Rehab Choosing a rehab center Couples rehab Court ordered rehab COVID-19 and rehab Dual-diagnosis rehab Deciding you need rehab Helping a loved one go to rehab Inpatient rehab Medication asssisted rehab Outpatient rehab Preparing for rehab Relapse prevention State-funded rehab Teen rehab Veterans rehab [/accordion][accordion title="Detox"] Detox 24/7 detox hotlines Inpatient detox Outpatient detox Medical detox Dangers of detoxing at home The cost of detox [/accordion] [sources] . DrugBank. (2016). Diazepam. . Petursson, H. (1994). The benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome. Addiction, 89(11). 1455-1459. . Harrison, M., Busto, U., Naranjo, C. A., Kaplan, H. L., & Sellers, E. M. (1984). Diazepam tapering in detoxification for high-dose benzodiazepine abuse. Clinical Pharmacological Therapy, 36(4). 527-533. [/sources] ...Read more
Dextroamphetamine is a stimulant marketed under brand names such as Dexedrine, ProCentra, Zenzedi, and in previous branded versions such as Dextrostat. It is also commonly prescribed in combination with amphetamine, under the trade name Adderall. It is used to treat symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adults. It is also given to people who suffer from narcolepsy.1 Effects of Dextroamphetamine Dextroamphetamine can create significant physical and psychological dependence in people who use the drug illegally or take it more often or in higher doses than prescribed. 1 Dependence means the brain and body come to rely on the substance for everyday functioning. Abusers can also develop a tolerance and need higher and higher doses to feel the desired effects, driving the development of dependence. 1 People who have been taking dextroamphetamine in large doses or for an extended period of time are at a high risk of withdrawal symptoms. The most common dextroamphetamine withdrawal symptoms are extreme fatigue, depression, and anxiety. Withdrawal may be accompanied by significant mental health issues, such as suicidal thoughts, as well as potentially lethal medical outcomes, including heart attack and stroke. 7 Dextroamphetamine Withdrawal Symptoms Dextroamphetamine withdrawal symptoms may include: Fatigue. Vivid dreams. Inability to sleep or sleeping more than normal. Increased appetite. Slow movements. Agitation. Depression. 3 These symptoms will vary depending on the dose, frequency, individual physiology, mental health history, and abuse of other drugs. Learn more about dextroamphetamine withdrawal symptoms. How Long Does Dextroamphetamine Withdrawal Last? Withdrawal symptoms can last from 3 days to 2 weeks, though some people may continue to have symptoms for 1-2 months. 4,5 The timeline for withdrawal symptoms is dependent on several factors. The length of detox can vary based on the amount of the drug in a user’s system and how long someone has been using. Are There Any Home Remedies for Getting Clean Safely? Home remedies or natural alternatives are not recommended due to the possibility of relapse and the development of severe depression and suicidal thoughts. A medical provider in a detox program can help ease the discomfort of withdrawal and help relieve cravings for the drug. [self-assessment] Medications and Dextroamphetamine Withdrawal Dextroamphetamine withdrawal symptoms can be controlled by coming off of the drug gradually and under the supervision of a healthcare provider. In some cases, the doctor will prescribe a medication to control certain symptoms, such as depression or anxiety. 7 For some people, these symptoms can become so uncomfortable that they start taking the drug again just to feel normal. People who have been abusing dextroamphetamine or are addicted to the drug may benefit from supervised detoxification before entering addiction treatment and rehabilitation. Dextroamphetamine detox is comparable to detox for other stimulants, such as cocaine. It is often best accomplished by entering an inpatient detox facility that can restrict access to the drug and prescribe medications for withdrawal symptoms. Learn more about dextroamphetamine withdrawal treatment and medications. Does your insurance cover detox and rehab? We can help - check your coverage instantly or text us your questions to find out more. [vob-aktify-cta] Withdrawing From Dextroamphetamine: Options for Help Treatment professionals may urge users to stop dextroamphetamine gradually, under medical supervision, to minimize or avoid these types of withdrawal symptoms.2 Inpatient and outpatient treatment options are available for both withdrawal treatment and to help people overcome an addiction to dextroamphetamine. The most common ways people access help from Dextroamphetamine are through inpatient and outpatient treatment. The detox from dextroamphetamine usually takes 3 to 5 days. But some people may continue to have symptoms, such as fatigue and cravings, for up to 2 months. 4 Inpatient and outpatient options for dextroamphetamine withdrawal treatment are available at hospitals, clinics, and residential care facilities. The option you select will be based upon what level of treatment you need and your schedule. Detox should be followed by a period of substance abuse education and ongoing behavioral therapy to help identify the reasons for past drug abuse and teach the person new ways of thinking and acting. Like detox, dextroamphetamine addiction treatment is also available on an inpatient and outpatient basis in facilities that provide short-term and long-term care. Residential treatment for at least 90 days is often recommended for people with multiple addictions or with a history of relapsing. 6 [accordion title="Rehab at American Addiction Centers"] Laguna Treatment Hospital Adcare - Boston Sunrise House Desert Hope Greenhouse Oxford Treatment Center Recovery First River Oaks [/accordion][accordion title="Rehab insurance coverage"] Ambetter American Family Beacon BHO Blue Cross Blue Shield Cigna Connecticare Geisinger HCSC Harvard Pilgrim Highmark Kaiser Permanente Magellan Magnacare Meritain Health Medicare and Medicaid Optum Oxford Health Providence Qualcare Sierra Health Tricare Triwest Tufts United Healthcare UPMC Zelis [/accordion][accordion title="Rehab near me"] Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming [/accordion][accordion title="Rehab"] Rehab Choosing a rehab center Couples rehab Court ordered rehab COVID-19 and rehab Dual-diagnosis rehab Deciding you need rehab Helping a loved one go to rehab Medication asssisted rehab Preparing for rehab State-funded rehab Teen rehab Veterans rehab [/accordion][accordion title="Detox"] Detox 24/7 detox hotlines Medical detox The cost of detox [/accordion] [sources] . Food and Drug Administration. (2006). Dexedrine. . Medline Plus. (2016). Dextroamphetamine. . American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5. Washington, D.C: American Psychiatric Association. . WHO. (2009). Clinical Guidelines for Withdrawal Management and Treatment of Drug Dependence in Closed Setting. . SAMHSA. (2010). Protracted Withdrawal. . National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Duration of Treatment. . SAMHSA. (2015). Detoxification and Substance Abuse Treatment. Dextroamphetamine Information at a Glance Sources . DrugBank. (n.d.). Dextroamphetamine. . U.S. Library of Medicine. (2016). Dextroamphetamine. . American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Publishing. . U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (n.d.). Dextrostat. . Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Prescription Drug Misuse Among College Students. [/sources] ...Read more